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Obtaining Permanent Residency (PR) in Canada allows foreign citizens to live and work in Canada on a permanent basis.  Here is some information about the Canada PR process:

1. Express Entry System:

  • The Express Entry system is the most common way to apply for PR in Canada. It is a points-based system that manages the applications for three federal economic immigration programs:

A man and a woman discuss about work


Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

  • This program is for skilled workers with foreign work experience who want to immigrate to Canada permanently.

Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)

  • The Federal Skilled Trades Program is for skilled workers who want to become permanent residents based on being qualified in a skilled trade.

Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

  • The Canadian Experience Class is for skilled workers who have Canadian work experience and want to become permanent residents.

2. Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs):

  • Provincial Nominee Programs allow provinces and territories in Canada to nominate individuals who want to immigrate to a specific province. Each PNP has its own eligibility criteria and selection process, often tailored to the specific needs of the province.

3. Family Sponsorship:

  • Canadian citizens and PR holders can sponsor their family members, including spouses, partners, dependent children, parents, and grandparents, to come to Canada and obtain PR


  • To be eligible for PR through Express Entry or PNPs, applicants typically need to meet certain requirements, nationality, age, language ability, family members, education, work experience, details on any job offer, and adaptability factors.

4. Express Entry Process:

  • The Express Entry process involves these general steps:

  • Create an Express Entry profile.

  • Receive a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score based on factors like age, education, work experience, and language proficiency.

  • If you meet the minimum CRS score, you'll be entered into the Express Entry pool otherwise you need to apply into any PNP 

  • Candidates with the highest scores are invited to apply for PR through regular draws.

 Invitation to Apply (ITA):

  • If you receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) after a draw, you can submit your complete set of documents and the PR application within a specified timeframe (usually 60 days). This application includes providing supporting documents to prove your claims made in your Express Entry profile.

PR Application Processing:

  • The processing time for PR applications varies based on factors such as the program you applied under, the completeness of your application, and the volume of applications being processed.

Medical and Security Checks:

  • Applicants and their family members must undergo medical examinations and security checks as part of the PR application process.

Permanent Resident Status:

  • Once your PR application is approved, you will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) and, if applicable, a Permanent Resident Visa (if you are outside Canada). Upon arriving in Canada, you will need to show your COPR to the immigration officer to finalize your PR status.

PR Renewal and Citizenship:

  • PR status is generally valid for five years and can be renewed. Holding PR status for a specific period is a requirement if you plan to apply for Canadian citizenship.

  • It's important to note that immigration policies and procedures can change, so it's recommended to visit the official website of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for the most up-to-date and accurate information before starting the application process.

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